The EU Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive: A Game-Changer for Corporate Responsibility


In recent years, there has been an increasing global focus on corporate sustainability and responsibility. Recognizing the need for stricter regulations to address negative human rights and environmental impacts, the European Union (EU) has introduced the Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive (CSDDD). This landmark legislation aims to ensure that businesses take proactive measures to identify, mitigate, and prevent these impacts in their operations and supply chains. Combined with the EU Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD), the CSDDD forms a formidable framework that will significantly shape the future of corporate sustainability in the EU. In this article, we will explore the key aspects of the EU CSDDD and its potential implications for organizations.

Understanding the Scope and Reach

The magnitude of the EU CSDDD is undeniable. With its passage in the EU Parliament by a majority of 336 in favor and 225 against, it is poised to have a significant impact on businesses operating in the EU. The directive applies to EU organizations with over 500 employees and a global turnover of €150 million or more. Additionally, non-EU organizations that operate in the EU market with a turnover of €150 million or more are also subject to its provisions. Furthermore, EU organizations with more than 250 employees and a global turnover of €40 million or more, with 50% generated in a high-risk sector, as well as non-EU companies with a turnover greater than €40 million in the EU market, with 50% generated in a high-risk sector, are within its purview.

High-risk sectors, as defined by the directive, include manufacturing or wholesale of textiles, leather and related products, food and beverage, agriculture, forestry and fisheries, and extractive industries. Although there is an ongoing debate on the extent of the law’s application to financial services, the directive has the potential to impact a broad range of sectors, leading to a paradigm shift in corporate sustainability practices.

Key Requirements for Compliance

The EU CSDDD places several obligations on organizations, compelling them to adopt a diligent approach to human rights and environmental issues. The key requirements include:

Integrating due diligence into policies and management systems: Organizations must incorporate due diligence measures into their policies and management systems to ensure the identification, prevention, and mitigation of negative impacts.

Identifying and assessing ESG risk and impacts: Businesses are tasked with conducting thorough assessments of environmental, social, and governance (ESG) risks and impacts within their operations and supply chains. This includes examining nested relationships and indirect impacts.

Conducting ESG risk management: Once risks and impacts are identified, organizations must develop effective risk management strategies to address them adequately. This involves implementing measures to minimize adverse effects and promote sustainable practices.

Remediating and mitigating ESG risk and impact: In cases where adverse impacts occur, organizations must take prompt remedial actions to mitigate and prevent further harm. They are responsible for implementing appropriate measures to rectify the situation and prevent similar incidents in the future.

Having a complaint and grievance system in place: The directive emphasizes the importance of establishing robust complaint and grievance mechanisms that allow stakeholders, including employees, customers, and affected communities, to voice concerns and seek remedies for violations.

Continuous monitoring of the effectiveness of due diligence measures: Organizations are expected to continuously monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of their due diligence measures to ensure ongoing improvements and the identification of emerging risks.

Publishing an annual report on due diligence efforts: Transparency and accountability are crucial under the directive. Businesses are required to publish an annual report detailing their due diligence efforts, progress made, and steps taken to address identified risks and impacts.

Consequences of Non-Compliance

The EU CSDDD leaves no room for complacency when it comes to corporate sustainability. Non-compliance carries significant financial, criminal, and civil liabilities. Organizations failing to meet their due diligence obligations may face substantial fines, criminal prosecution, and reputational damage. Moreover, they can be held civilly liable for damages caused by human rights or environmental issues, thereby potentially exposing themselves to costly legal proceedings and compensation claims.

The Implications for Corporate Sustainability and Greenwashing

The introduction of the EU CSDDD signifies a seismic shift in the landscape of corporate sustainability. It not only holds businesses accountable for their actions but also sets clear expectations for responsible conduct throughout their supply chains. By establishing a corporate duty to address negative impacts, the directive aims to prevent greenwashing—the practice of misleadingly presenting a company’s environmental efforts or policies. Consequently, businesses will need to ensure their sustainability claims are substantiated by concrete actions, as mere rhetoric will no longer suffice.


The EU Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive represents a watershed moment for corporate responsibility within the EU. Its comprehensive requirements and stringent consequences for non-compliance emphasize the urgent need for businesses to prioritize environmental and human rights considerations. As the EU continues to push the boundaries of corporate sustainability, organizations must proactively integrate due diligence measures into their operations, supply chains, and management systems. By embracing the challenges posed by the directive, businesses can enhance their long-term viability, safeguard their reputation, and contribute to a more sustainable and equitable future for all.

Empowering your organisation with compliance management specifically designed around your organisation’s sustainability initiatives is well within your abilities. Empowered Systems and its EmpoweredESG solution allows for you as an organisation to maintain your EU CSSDD strategy. Learn more about how EmpoweredESG can help.

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